Types Of Salts

Types Of Salts

Salt is an important ingredient in our everyday life. We are all familiar with common table salt, but it is not the only type of salt available on the market. Salt can be natural or manufactured, mined from underground deposits, or extracted from seawater, or other bodies of water. There are many different types of salt, each with its own unique properties. Let’s take a closer look at the different types of salt available to us.

Types Of Salts

What is salt?

Salt is a mineral made up of sodium and chloride, two elements that occur naturally in the body and in the environment. Salt is vital for animal life. In fact, the sodium in salt helps maintain fluid balance in tissues and blood pressure, while chloride is a critical component of gastric juices needed to digest food.

Salt has been used as a household staple for centuries. Historically, it was one of the world’s most sought after commodities, regularly traded along caravan routes, and widely considered a form of money throughout history. However, some controversy centers on whether common table salt can be defined as ‘salt’ or not. Since modern-day salt production methods involve the recrystallization of already dried salt products that have been mined from deep underground deposits through evaporation processes which involve chemicals such as anti-caking agents and other additives being added to the process, some health experts argue that common table salt is not actually salt at all. While the debate over whether or not it qualifies as ‘salt’ continues, common table salt is nonetheless a highly versatile and widely available product, used in cooking and preparing food, as well as for household uses such as de-icing roadways and clearing snow from sidewalks and driveways.

Salt production: How is salt made?

Different types of salt are produced in different ways, but all salt is made up of the same basic components. Salt is a mineral that comes from evaporating seawater or salty spring water. The water is heated to the point where it becomes steam, and then this steam rises through cooling pipes where it condenses into a brine solution. This brine solution contains sodium chloride along with traces of other minerals such as magnesium, calcium, potassium, bromide, and iodine. Once the brine has been harvested from the ground, the sodium chloride crystals are then separated from the rest of the mixture by sifting them around giant drums until they fall out from gravity. The remaining minerals are sometimes used for industrial purposes instead of being discarded. Some of the most popular types of salt in the United States include table salt, kosher salt, and sea salt.

What types of salt can we find on the market?

Sea Salt

Sea salt comes from evaporated seawater and has larger crystals than other types of salt due to its lower density. It contains trace minerals including iron, calcium magnesium, and potassium which give sea salt its slightly grayish color. Some gourmet specialty salts also come from seawater but are refined to remove impurities. Sea salt is harvested by boiling off water in salt pans and then collecting the moist salt that is left behind. It may be unrefined or refined, depending on how it is processed, but contains no additives.

Rock Salt

Also known as halite, rock salt comes from underground deposits of mineral-rich salt crystals formed during the evaporation of ancient seawater. When exposed to high temperatures, these subterranean deposits begin to evaporate and the minerals start to recrystallize. The majority of rock salts are harvested using heavy mining equipment and blast furnaces. The refining process involves crushing the raw mined material into small pieces, which are washed to remove unwanted sediment before being ground into a fine powder often referred to as table salt. Rock salt is a natural and unrefined product that contains traces of minerals including potassium and magnesium.

Kosher Salt

Kosher salt is a type of rock salt that has been ground into a coarse, flaky texture. It gets its name from the fact that it is often used to kosher (or clean) meat in accordance with Jewish dietary laws. Kosher salt contains no additives and has a slightly bitter taste. It is available in both refined and unrefined varieties.

Pickling Salt

Pickling salt is a fine-grained, white salt that is used to pickle foods. Unlike other types of salt, pickling salt does not contain iodine, which can cause the foods being pickled to darken in color.

Table Salt

Table salt is a refined, small-grained salt with additives such as iodine and anti-caking agents added to prevent clumping. Its texture is similar to kosher salt but it has a much stronger flavor due to the addition of artificial flavors and iodine. It’s widely available at grocery stores in both organic and non-organic varieties.

Due to its fine grain, table salt dissolves quickly when added during cooking or preparing food. Iodized table salt contains trace amounts of calcium silicate, ferric orthophosphate, potassium iodide, magnesium carbonate, and dextrose which provide the following purported benefits: promotes proper thyroid function maintains energy levels, reduces fatigue Promotes healthy skin Helps regulate metabolism 

Smoked Salt

Smoked salt is made by cold-smoking unrefined sea salt until it develops a dark color and smoky flavor. Most commercial brands of smoked salt contain additives such as liquid smoke or other artificial ingredients, which can impart an unpleasant aftertaste. Smoked salts that are commercially available include applewood, hickory, mesquite, and oak wood-smoked varieties; however, these products may be difficult to find depending on the area you live in.

Curing Salt

Curing salt is a special type of salt that contains nitrite. Nitrite can inhibit bacterial growth and cause foods to retain their color when cooked – thus making them look fresher than they actually are. Curing salts typically contain 97% table salt and 3% sodium nitrite, 1.5-2 teaspoons of which should be used per 5 lbs of ground beef to properly cure it.

Fleur de sel

Fleur de sel (French for “flower of salt”) is a type of finishing salt that contains crunchy irregular shaped flakes. It’s harvested by skimming pure, crystallized salt off the surface of seawater pools in Guérande, France. Its delicate granules are prized for their mild flavor and ability to enhance food without drowning it in excessive sodium like other types of salts can. Fleur de sel doesn’t contain any additives or anti-caking agents which makes it unsuitable for curing or preserving foods.

Himalayan Pink Salt

Himalayan pink salt is a type of rock salt that is mined from the Khewra Salt Mine in Pakistan. It gets its name from its distinctive pink color, which is due to the high levels of minerals such as potassium, magnesium, and calcium that are found in it. It’s available in both refined and unrefined varieties and has a mild flavor that is slightly sweeter than other types of salt.

Himalayan Black Salt

Himalayan black salt is a type of rock salt that gets its dark color from the addition of activated charcoal, which gives it a smoky aroma and flavor. It’s very popular in Eastern cuisine and can be found at specialty shops.

Cyprus Black Flake Salt

Cyprus Black Flake Salt is a type of sea salt that is made by charring the wood of the Aleppo pine tree. The high levels of sulfur in the salt give it a pungent, earthy flavor that is used to add depth of flavor to dishes. It’s available at specialty stores and online.

Andean Pink Salt

Andean pink salt is a type of sea salt that is made from sun-dried, mineral-rich water that is sourced from the Andes mountains. It has a light pink color and a mild flavor that is slightly sweeter than other types of salt.

Celtic Sea Salt

Celtic Sea Salt is a type of sea salt that is made by evaporating seawater in the sun and wind instead of using large, commercial evaporation equipment. It’s available at specialty stores and online.

Black and Red Hawaiian Salt: Black and Red Hawaiian Salt is a type of sea salt that gets its reddish-brown color from the inclusion of activated charcoal. It has a mild flavor that stands up to stronger ingredients like chili powder.

Types Of Salts

Uses of Salt

The main use of salt is as a food seasoning and preservative. It makes up about 80% of the worlds’ dietary sodium intake. Salt has great antimicrobial activity and does not require any other preservation methods (such as smoking) when applied directly to raw food.

Different salts have different uses, depending on their flavor and the other ingredients in the dish. For example, Himalayan pink salt is a good choice for dishes that contain tomatoes, because its mild flavor will not overpower the other ingredients. Celtic sea salt is a good choice for fish dishes because its subtle flavor will not overpower the flavor of the fish. Black and red Hawaiian salt is a good choice for dishes that contain chili powder because its spicy flavor will complement the chili powder. 

For general cooking and at the table, we recommend using kosher salt because its larger grains distribute easily and won’t overwhelm the other flavors in a dish. This is our go-to salt for everyday cooking.

If you like to bake or brine meat (anytime you want dissolved salt crystals), pick up a box of fine sea salt; its small, uniform crystals dissolve quickly and will make for a much smoother final product.

We use flaky finishing salts as garnishes to emphasize an ingredient’s inherent flavor profile: Pinching Maldon flakes over a dish with robust seasoning (think steak) underscores that seasoning and helps reinforce it without calling attention to itself — just remember not to dump your whole supply on the plate! Fleur de sel is a great finishing salt for desserts, as its delicate flavor won’t compete with sweet flavors.

Baking soda helps ingredients like baking powder work more effectively when combined with salt. However, too much sodium bicarbonate may cause issues if you have high blood pressure or heart disease. You should also avoid consuming large amounts of sodium nitrate because there are possible health risks associated with it, such as increased cancer risk and damage to DNA. Sugar helps baked goods rise and provides a yummy flavor that pairs well with salt. Many people like to add a pinch of salt to their coffee or other drinks that contain caffeine. However, this should be done in moderation because too much salt can lead to health issues such as high blood pressure and heart disease.

Salt should not be consumed without another type of liquid, such as milk, water, coffee, tea, juice, or other beverages you may enjoy. This is because it will increase your risk for dehydration and certain diseases if the only thing you consume is sodium chloride.

What are the health benefits of salt?

Salt has been used as a food seasoning and preservative for thousands of years. It has many beneficial properties that make it an important part of a healthy diet. Here are just a few of the perks.

It gives food flavor. The beginning step to almost every meal is seasoning it with salt to boost its flavor and make it more enjoyable. Salt helps bring out the taste of certain ingredients while also making others more intense (like high-quality chocolate!)

Salt can even help reduce bitterness in some recipes by raising their pH levels. This is why unsalted foods like fresh vegetables often taste bitter!

It preserves food. Salt’s drying effects can be used for longer-term storage by pickling food items or drying them into salty rations that have a long shelf life when stored properly.

It helps relieve muscle cramps. If you’ve ever had the experience of getting a muscle cramp after exercising, try adding more salt to your diet and see if that helps! The reason this works is that sodium attaches to water in our bodies which can then be moved into muscles that need it during periods where we lose too much fluid.

Salt has been added to food for thousands of years and in different cultures, including ours in North America. It does not have any negative effects on health unless consumed excessively, but there are better options available today!

When it comes to salt, try to find an all-natural variety like sea salt or kosher salt and experiment with different flavors to see what you like the best! There are many types on the market, so you are sure to find one that will work well for your needs.

Disadvantages of Salt

Salt is a necessary nutrient for humans, but there are several disadvantages of salt consumption. First and foremost, too much sodium in the diet can lead to high blood pressure. If someone has hypertension, then that person needs to monitor their sodium intake closely. Another disadvantage of salt consumption is that it causes dehydration. This happens because water follows sodium wherever it goes in the body. When this happens, a person may urinate more which leads to a fluid loss and thus dehydration occurs.

Decreasing dietary salt lowers blood pressure modestly and has no adverse effects on cardiovascular health says new research from Tufts University. The findings debunk claims linking salt reduction to negative outcomes such as the increased risk of death or heart as well as recurring kidney stones.

Salt is an essential nutrient that humans have enjoyed for thousands of years. It would be hard to completely eliminate salt from the diet because there are many health benefits that come along with sodium chloride consumption. If you want to reduce your daily intake, then try adding smaller amounts of salt as a means for gradually reducing it over time, and see how you like it!

Salt Intake Recommendations

The FDA recommends limiting salt intake daily to 2,300mg (approximately 1 teaspoon) because high levels of sodium are associated with many health concerns such as hypertension and heart disease. However, other organizations like the World Health Organization recommend lower or no limits on salt intake at all. The current guidelines recommend limiting intake for specific population groups, including people over 50 years old, African Americans, and individuals with chronic conditions like diabetes or hypertension.

Salt intake can vary depending on what types of foods are eaten, the amount of salt used when cooking, and whether other ingredients such as sugar, caffeine, or alcohol are consumed.

There is often a misconception that it is difficult to limit sodium intake because processed and fast food contains high levels of it. However, fresh fruits and vegetables also naturally contain sodium.

How to cook with different types of salt?

Salt is an important ingredient that offers many benefits, whether you are eating it by itself or using it to season your food. The next time you are shopping for groceries, look at the different types of salt available and determine which one will work best for your needs.

The taste of the type of salt used can vary depending on how it was formed during the evaporation process, so consider what other ingredients will be added to a meal when deciding which type of salt to purchase.

If you are looking for an all-purpose salt that can be used in most dishes, pick up a box of kosher salt. If you would like some additional options that can be used in certain recipes, try something like flavored salts or sea salts instead!

If you have had a salt that was difficult to cook with or wish it would dissolve faster, try a finer grain next time. There is a wide range of salts on the market and choosing one may take some practice, but there are many benefits to seasoning your food with them!

How to store salt

Once the salt has been opened, it will begin to clump together and become hard if left in humid conditions.

It is best to store salt in an airtight container with a lid so it won’t get wet or absorb moisture from the surrounding area.

You should also keep your salt away from direct sunlight, which can cause it to lose its color.

If you live in a damp area or have had issues with your salt absorbing water after being exposed to humidity, you may want to consider transferring it into a smaller container with a tight seal. This will help ensure that it stays fresh for as long as possible!

What are some common substitutes for salt?

If you are looking for a substitute for salt, there are many options available. Here are a few of the most popular:

Honey – A little honey goes a long way in sweetening up foods and can be used as a replacement for table salt.

Lemon juice or vinegar – These liquids can add brightness and acidity to dishes, which can help balance out flavors.

Herbs – Fresh or dried herbs can be used to give food flavor without adding sodium. 

Garlic – Garlic is a flavorful addition that can also act as a natural preservative. 

Onion – Chopped onions can add sweetness and depth of flavor to dishes. 

Tomato paste- Tomato paste is a concentrated form of tomatoes and can be used to add flavor and sweetness. 

Coconut aminos – Coconut aminos are a soy-free, gluten-free, vegan alternative to soy sauce that has a salty flavor.

Miso paste – Miso paste is made from fermented soybeans and can be used in soups, sauces, or dressings. 

Safety precautions for handling and cooking with salt

Salt is a necessary ingredient in the kitchen, but it’s important to handle it safely. Here are a few safety tips to keep in mind:

If you are using a box grater to grate salt, make sure your hand is not over the top of the container and use a spoon to remove it.

When cooking with salt, make sure it reaches its full potential of flavor by allowing it enough time to dissolve fully (about 5-10 minutes). 

Don’t add salt before tasting food – this can lead people to believe they need more when in fact they may just have a bad taste in their mouth from something else!

Do not store fruit near a large amount of table salt as the fruit will absorb some of the sodium and may spoil more quickly.

When adding salt to a recipe, always add it towards the end of cooking. This will help prevent it from burning and becoming bitter.

If you are using table salt, make sure to dissolve it completely in water before adding it to a dish.

Be careful not to add too much salt when cooking, as it can quickly overpower the flavor of food.

When cleaning up after cooking with salt, be sure to avoid getting any in your eyes. If this does happen, flush your eyes with cool water for at least 15 minutes and seek medical attention if the irritation persists.

Food that goes well with different types of salt

Salt is a versatile ingredient that can be used in many different dishes. Here are a few examples of food that pairs well with different types of salt:

Himalayan pink salt – This type of salt has a delicate flavor and pairs well with fish, chicken, and vegetables.

Sea salt – Sea salt has a strong flavor and is best used in dishes with bold flavors like steak, hamburgers, or chili.

Kosher salt – Kosher salt is perfect for seasoning meat and can also be used in baking recipes.

Table salt – Table salt is the most common type of salt and can be used in most types of cooking.

Pickling salt – Pickling salt has no additives, which makes it ideal for pickling brines.

Now that you know a little more about salt, why not try using it in your favorite recipes? Experiment with different types and amounts to see what works best for you. With a little practice, you’ll be a salt expert in no time!

Recipe using various types of salt

Before you start experimenting with salt, why not try one of our recipes? We promise you won’t be disappointed!

Himalayan pink salt chicken

This flavorful dish uses Himalayan pink salt and garlic to give it a delicious flavor.


– 1 tablespoon of salt (Himalayan pink salt preferred)

– 5 garlic cloves, smashed and roughly chopped

– 4 chicken legs and thighs  (about 2 pounds total), skin removed

– 1 tablespoon olive oil  or avocado oil


Preheat oven to 425 degrees. In a small dish, combine the salt and garlic.

Season each piece of chicken with some of the salt mixtures; place in a roasting pan or baking dish, leaving space between pieces.

Let sit for 15 minutes at room temperature.

Drizzle the chicken with the oil and rub to evenly coat both sides of each piece.

Roast for 25 to 30 minutes or until an instant read thermometer inserted into the thickest part of the thigh reads 165 degrees.

Let rest for 10 minutes before serving.

Salt and vinegar Brussels sprouts

These brussels sprouts are roasted with olive oil and vinegar then seasoned with sea salt for a tasty side dish.


– 1 pound Brussels sprouts, trimmed and halved

– 2 tablespoons olive oil 

– 2 tablespoons white wine vinegar

– 1 teaspoon sea salt 


Preheat oven to 425 degrees F. In a large bowl, combine Brussels sprouts, olive oil, white wine vinegar, and sea salt.

Toss to coat evenly.

Spread Brussels sprouts on a baking sheet in a single layer.

Roast for 25 minutes or until they are slightly charred around the edges and tender inside.

Classic margarita

This cocktail is made with tequila, lime juice, and triple sec, all of which can be enhanced with a sprinkle of table salt.


– 1 1/2 ounces tequila 

– 3/4 ounce triple sec liqueur 

– 3/4 ounce fresh lime juice

– Kosher salt for rimming glass.


Rub the rim of a stemware glass with a cut lime wedge.

Pour enough kosher salt onto a small plate to cover the entire surface.

Moisten the rim of the glass with water or lemon, then dip in kosher salt to coat evenly, tapping off excess. 

Fill serving glass with ice cubes and set aside while preparing margarita mix. 

In a cocktail shaker filled with ice cubes, combine tequila, triple sec, and lime juice; shake vigorously about 30 seconds.

Strain margarita mixture over ice cubes in prepared glass.

Garnish with a lime wedge, if desired.

Salt and pepper spaghetti squash

This low-carb dish is made almost entirely with natural ingredients like spaghetti squash and spices. A sprinkle of salt adds a salty taste to this comforting dish.


– 2 teaspoons olive oil 

– 1/2 cup chopped onion 

– 4 garlic cloves, minced 

– 1 (28 ounce) can of crushed tomatoes 

– 1 teaspoon dried oregano leaves 

– 1/4 teaspoon red pepper flakes (optional) 

– Salt and ground black pepper to taste 

– 8 ounces cooked whole-wheat spaghetti squash (about 3 cups, or double the cooked spaghetti squash in the picture) 

– 1 tablespoon chopped fresh basil leaves, for garnish


Preheat oven to 400 degrees F. 

Heat olive oil in a large pan over medium heat. Add onion and garlic; cook until softened, about 5 minutes. Stir in tomatoes, oregano, red pepper flakes (if using), salt, and black pepper; bring to a boil. Reduce heat to medium low and simmer sauce until thickened slightly about 10 minutes. If needed, season with more salt or pepper. Remove from heat.

To assemble the casserole, spread half of the tomato mixture evenly into an 8 x 8-inch baking dish lined with parchment paper or aluminum foil (parchment paper is preferred to minimize clean-up). Top with half of the spaghetti squash, then the remaining half of the sauce mixture. 

Bake for about 20 minutes or until hot and bubbly. Remove from oven, top with fresh basil leaves to garnish, if desired. Serve immediately.

There are countless recipes that call for salt, so get creative and experiment with different types and amounts to see what works best for you. With a little practice, you’ll be a salt expert in no time!



What is the difference between table salt and sea salt?

Table salt is a refined mineral salt that has been bleached and stripped of most of its nutrients. Sea salt, on the other hand, is a natural unrefined salt that contains trace minerals like magnesium, potassium, and zinc. It also has a slightly sweeter taste than table salt.

How do I know if my salt is iodized?

Iodized salt is fortified with iodine, which is essential for thyroid health. If you’re not sure whether your salt is iodized, look for the words “iodized” or “iodine added” on the packaging. 

What is the difference between salt and sodium?

Salt is made up of sodium chloride, while sodium is the element that gives the salt its salty flavor. So, a teaspoon of salt contains about 400 milligrams of sodium.

Is one type of salt healthier than the other?

There is no definitive answer to this question. Some people believe that sea salt is healthier because it contains more minerals, while others think that table salt is better because it has been iodized to help prevent thyroid problems. Ultimately, it comes down to personal preference.

What is the difference between iodized and non-iodized salt?

Iodized salt is a type of table salt that has been fortified with iodine, a mineral that’s essential for normal thyroid function. If you don’t have iodized salt at home or are trying to limit your intake for health reasons, you can substitute sea salt or another type of unrefined salt instead. Just be aware that these salts may not be as fortified with iodine as iodized salt is.

Does pink Himalayan salt contain sugar?

No, Himalayan salt does not contain sugar. It is a pure, unrefined salt that comes from the Himalayan mountains.

Is there a wrong way to use salt? 

It’s possible for too much sodium to become a problem, so it’s important to not add too much when cooking with or sprinkling the condiment on your food.

For example, you might think that adding more salt will enhance the taste of popcorn – but actually, doing this can make it taste unpalatable. A better option would be to sprinkle a small amount of cayenne pepper on top for a kick of flavor.

Does salt cause cancer? 

According to the American Cancer Society, there is no clear evidence to suggest that salt intake raises the risk of any type of cancer. However, it’s possible for very high levels of sodium to affect kidney function and increase fluid retention – both factors that may be associated with increased cancer risk.

Is salt a problem for people with high blood pressure?

Consuming too much sodium can lead to health problems, including high blood pressure. If you have been advised by your physician to limit your sodium intake due to the condition, then the obvious thing would be to keep an eye on how much salt you add when cooking or sprinkling it on prepared food at the table.

Don’t worry, though – if you’re trying to reduce your salt intake but still crave flavor in your food, there are other options available! Salt substitutes typically use potassium chloride as their main ingredient instead of sodium chloride, so they deliver a similar taste while keeping sodium levels low. However, always check the label and follow package instructions carefully before using it.

What are some signs that I’m eating too much salt?

Excessive thirst, frequent urination, and feeling tired or bloated are all common signs that you’re eating too much salt. If you experience any of these symptoms, try reducing your salt intake gradually until they go away.

Is it bad for me to cut out salt completely?

Salt is an essential mineral that provides sodium for your body to function, so it’s unlikely to be bad for you in moderate amounts. However, many processed foods are high in salt, which can lead to high blood pressure or other health problems. While most people can benefit from cutting back on their salt intake, eliminating it completely could have negative consequences as well.

What are some tips for reducing the amount of salt in my diet?

– Use herbs and spices to season food instead of salt 

– Try using unsalted broth or stock in recipes 

– Avoid processed foods, which are often high in sodium 

– Read food labels and look for products that have lower sodium levels 

– Eat more fresh fruits and vegetables, which are naturally low in salt 

– Drink plenty of water to help flush excess sodium from the body.

Which foods are highest in salt?

Processed foods such as canned soups, cured meats, and pepperoni are some of the highest sources of salt in a typical American diet. However, there are many other foods that contain surprisingly large amounts of sodium, including salad dressings, sauces, and even some types of bread.

When should I add salt to my food?

It’s typically best to add salt at the end of cooking since this will prevent it from drawing out more water and becoming a less potent flavor. However, you can also experiment with adding some extra salt before serving for an intense burst of flavor that everyone can enjoy!

What does it mean when my recipe calls for seasoned salt?

Seasoned salt refers to a combination of different spices that are already mixed together – usually including garlic powder, onion powder, paprika, and pepper. If you don’t have seasoned salt at home but want to make this particular dish anyway, see if there’s another ingredient in it that you have plenty of – like garlic powder or onion powder – and omit the salt.

Is it necessary to refrigerate salt?

No, it’s not necessary to refrigerate salt. It will have the same flavor either way, but you may need to increase the amount you use slightly if your salt is more coarsely ground. This is because coarser types of salt are made up of larger crystals that don’t dissolve as quickly in liquid.



When it comes to choosing the right kind of salt for your needs, there are a variety of options to choose from. Each type of salt has its own unique properties and flavors that can enhance your food in different ways. So, next time you’re at the grocery store, be sure to check out the different varieties of salt available and experiment with using them in your cooking!

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